India’s cancer statistics are recorded by the National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) of the National Center for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR), Bengaluru, an institute of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). The ICMR-NCDIR-NCRP pulls the data through 36 PBCRs (Population-based cancer registry) and 236 HBCRs (Hospital-based cancer registry). The approximate projected cases of cancer in India were 1,392,179 (~1.4 million) in the year 2020, leading to 850,000 (~0.85 million) deaths due to cancers. The five leading cancers in India, as per reported data, were breast, lung, mouth, cervix uteri, and tongue. The sex-based incidences reported were 679,421 male patients and 712,758 female patients. Breast and cervix uteri cancers were the most common cancer types in females in India. Breast cancer incidences show steady increasing reporting trends, and the majority of incidences reported are from metropolitan cities. The increasing reports of breast cancer in women pose a concern for health agencies for necessary action to control and generate necessary medical facilities. Lung, mouth, esophagus, stomach, and nasopharynx cancer are prominent in males. Lung cancer, the leading type of cancer reported in metropolitan cities, is in general agreement with the trend line of global data. The presumptive association of lung cancer with tobacco smoking and prevalent air pollution in cities is consistent with this trend. The increasing use of synthetic pesticides in agriculture has also been considered a contributing factor along with improper industrial waste disposal practices for increasing cancer cases, particularly associated with the prevalence of new cases of cancer in specific regions. The PCBRs data indicated the association of almost a third of cancer incidences with tobacco use (smoking and chewing) in India. The social norms related to avoiding tobacco use have been emphasized towards preventive measures for most cancer cases in India.
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Published in Chemical Biology Letters
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