Design, synthesis, ADME prediction and anti-hyperglycemic evaluation of new alkoxyimino-substituted phenyl carboxylic acids as potent alpha-glucosidase inhibitors

In an attempt to further explore the role of substituted carboxylic acid derivatives as antidiabetic agent, a series of alkoxyimino-substituted carboxylic acid derivatives (101-206) were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory potential against a-amylase and a-glucosidase enzyme. Among all the tested compounds, 102 & 105 has displayed the most potent activity against a-glucosidase with the IC50 of 142.21±1.8 mM and 182.83±2.43 mM respectively, as compared to the standard drug acarbose (136.89±1.67 mM). Based on the inhibition percentage, the inhibition activity of 102 and 105 on a-glucosidase had higher potential than a-amylase. The mode of binding interactions between the a-glucosidase enzyme and the compound 102 was established to be uncompetitive using kinetic analysis. The predicted drug-likeness properties (Lipinski parameters and in silico ADME properties) of the compounds revealed their suitability as potential drug candidate.

In an attempt to further explore the role of substituted carboxylic acid derivatives as antidiabetic agent, a series of alkoxyimino-substituted carboxylic acid derivatives (101-206) were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory potential against a-amylase and a-glucosidase enzyme. Among all the tested compounds, 102 & 105 has displayed the most potent activity against a-glucosidase with the IC50 of 142.21±1.8 mM and 182.83±2.43 mM respectively, as compared to the standard drug acarbose (136.89±1.67 mM). Based on the inhibition percentage, the inhibition activity of 102 and 105 on a-glucosidase had higher potential than a-amylase. The mode of binding interactions between the a-glucosidase enzyme and the compound 102 was established to be uncompetitive using kinetic analysis. The predicted drug-likeness properties (Lipinski parameters and in silico ADME properties) of the compounds revealed their suitability as potential drug candidate.

Published in: Chemical Biology Letters

Link: https://pubs.thesciencein.org/journal/index.php/cbl/article/view/130

Author: ScienceIn

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