Journal of Materials NanoScience <p>Journal of Materials NanoScience is a peer reviewed indexed international journal for publication of research advances in Materials Science, Advanced Materials, Chemistry of Materials, Polymers, NanoScience, Nanotechnology, Biomaterials, Bionanotechnology and smart materials development.</p> ScienceIn Publishing en-US Journal of Materials NanoScience 2394-0867 Graphene - properties, production and rising applications: A review <p>Out of all the 2D materials discovered until now, Graphene has been the hot topic to date. Graphene is a two dimensional-sp<sup>2</sup> bonded, single-layer membrane of a carbon atom tightly bonded in a hexagonal honeycomb lattice. The layers of graphene are piled up to form graphite. The single layers of graphene are held together by weak Vander Waal forces in graphite, which are then separated by exfoliation of graphene from graphite. Graphene has marvelous electrical, mechanical, and optical properties which makes it suitable for use in many modern technologies towards an excellent replacement to the other materials used by the industries. The remarkable properties and nature of graphene made it a very promising material for the future. This review discusses about fundamentals of graphene, properties that makes graphene an extraordinary material and its vast number of applications</p> Srishti Dehmiwal Meemansha Bahuguna Copyright (c) 2021 ScienceIn Publishing 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 8 1 51 63 Viral infection mitigations using advanced nanomaterials and tools: lessons from SARS-CoV-2 for future prospective interventions <p>The emergence of recent corona virus SARS-CoV-2-led pandemic infection has generated the incessant demand for the evaluation and development of suitable advanced materials for controlling this and future unforeseen viral infections. The current nanoscience-based materials are being evaluated for possible appliances at different stages encompassing, fields locations for control, identification of virus spread, diagnosis of infection and potential therapeutic interventions by drug development. Assorted materials like carbon nanomaterials, metal nanoparticles, metal organic frameworks (MOFs), covalent organic framework (COF) materials, 2D materials, optical tweezers, artificial cells, etc. have been extensively investigated for the diagnosis, protection, and as therapeutics for viral infections. Herein, the existing materials and nanotechnological tools proposed or evaluated for controlling different viral infections and specifically, COVID-19 are deliberated. An insightful exploration of the advances in materials science, nanoscience and nanobiotechnology has been kept in core focus with perspective for controlling the similar type of infections in future.</p> B.S. Chhikara Rajiv Kumar Poonam Parveen Bazard Rajender S. Varma Copyright (c) 2021 ScienceIn Publishing 2021-09-14 2021-09-14 8 1 64 82 X-ray and Raman study of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite nanocrystals <p>Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite nanocrystals have gained considerable attention for optoelectronics applications due to their unique properties like high light absorption coefficient, band gap tunability, and larger diffusion length. In this work, the ligand-assisted re-precipitation method (LARP) was employed to synthesize CH<sub>3</sub>NH<sub>3</sub>PbI<sub>3</sub> nanocrystals (NCs). The optical and structural properties of nanocrystals depend on their size. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) techniques are used to determine the crystal structure, particle size distribution, and surface to volume ratio of CH<sub>3</sub>NH<sub>3</sub>PbI<sub>3</sub> nanocrystals. The organic-inorganic interactions of CH<sub>3</sub>NH<sub>3</sub>PbI<sub>3</sub> nanocrystals are studied by Raman spectra at room temperature. This study will provide the basis to interpret the morphological properties of perovskite nanocrystals for their full exploitation in different optoelectronics applications</p> Gopal Krishna Burra Dhriti Sundar Ghosh Sanjay Tiwari Copyright (c) 2021 ScienceIn Publishing 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 8 1 16 22 Implications of advance biomaterials in development of new contraceptive devices <p>Contraceptives are playing an integral role in maintaining human reproductive and sexual health in present society. Currently available contraceptives are based on the ease of applying, comfort during use, and activity period. The materials used in the development of contraceptives can be a determining factor towards the desired features for possible adoption. Here, in this review, we have discussed the important and futuristic contraceptives in terms of biomaterials used in the production and techniques which can be used as inspiration for better contraceptives in the future. Especially, this review discusses long-acting reversible hormonal contraceptives, Intrauterine Devices (IUDs), oral pills, vaginal rings, and patches along with the comparison of these with several polymer-composite-based implants for contraception. The overall analysis indicated possible development of better contraception devices in near future, particularly with further improvements in biomaterials that are used for the production of advanced multipurpose polymer-composite-based contraceptive implants.</p> Sandarbh Sandarbh Subham Hota Roylan Pais Kuna Das Tamojit Santra Santosh Mishra Copyright (c) 2021 ScienceIn Publishing 2021-08-23 2021-08-23 8 1 23 34 Biosynthesis of Silver nanoparticles using Olive Wastewater <p>Biosynthesis of the metallic nanoparticle is gaining importance because it is a single-step process, nontoxic, environmentally acceptable, and easily scaled up. The present study investigated the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) via reacting olive wastewater filtrate (OWF) with silver nitrate, and the formation of AgNPs was confirmed by a color change of the reaction mixture and visible spectrophotometry. Additionally, the influence of pH, reaction time, AgNO<sub>3</sub> concentration, temperature, and OWF volume on the proposed method was investigated. It was found that with increasing the mentioned parameters, the formation of the AgNPs was increased under the experimental conditions. The results showed that OWF represented a promising material for the biosynthesis of AgNPs.</p> Abdounasser Albasher Omar Nawal Abdurazq Ahmad Mawada Moftah Rajab Nour Elhoda Berrisha Amani Almabrouk Alnakkaa Bushra Adel Alshareef Rana Rajab Qadmour Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Materials NanoScience 2021-04-05 2021-04-05 8 1 11 15 Nanobiomaterials, nanobiomechanics and tissue bioengineering for advanced regenerative therapeutics: present and future perspectives <p>Nanobiomaterials and nanotechnology explore the fundamentals to originate new claims in the area of tissue bioengineering and regenerative therapy. Interestingly, the findings in chemistry and material science improve it. Such a rich scientific environment, fostered by close interaction offers a fertile ground for advancing nanotechnology, nanomaterials, and nanobiomaterials to utilize in tissue bioengineering and the development of regeneration therapy. Interdisciplinary research in the field of nanotechnology can boost these possibilities of advancement of it and can be applied to enhance the regenerative potential of biomaterials. Further, the innovations of bio-Interfaces, drug delivery, and nanobiotechnology will improve the efficacy of present methodologies and future perceptions. Research developments in bio-interfaces explore a molecular-level understanding of complex biological systems and help to achieve the controlled release of nanotherapeutic agents on the desired site. The emerging fields of nanobiotechnology, tissue bioengineering, and regenerative medicine assimilate for better molecular assemblies as required to apply nanoscale strategy to comprehend the machinery of biological routes. The nano-bio tools (nanosized pores, grooves, and ridges) have been designed and developed for regenerative therapies for the regeneration of bone, muscle, neural tissue, vascular, cartilage, bladder, and brain tissue for years. These tools and devices are capable to enhance the cellular microenvironment for remodeling functional tissues essential for repairing the damaged cells and tissues. The emerged nano-bio interfaces are capable to promote the transportation of biomolecules (monoclonal antibodies, receptor-specific peptides, proteins, folates, vitamins, and carbohydrates) as desired to boost up regeneration processes.</p> Rajiv Kumar Sandeep Mittan Jyoti Singh Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Materials NanoScience 2015-07-12 2015-07-12 8 1 15 26 In vitro anticancer and antitubercular activities of cellulose-magnetite nanocomposite synthesized using deep eutectic solvent as a dispersant <p>In the current scenario, Deep Eutectic Solvents (DESs) are persuasive greener solvents for the successful synthesis of different nanostructures due to their tunable properties with enhanced applications. We report here the successful formation of a nanocomposite based on cellulose and magnetite nanoparticles. The method of isolating cellulose from fruit shells of <em>Limonia acidissima </em>(L.) as detailed in the work is described for the first time. Magnetite nanoparticles were synthesized through the cost effective co-precipitation method and DES embracing choline chloride and fructose were used as non-toxic dispersant for the synthesis of cellulose-magnetite nanocomposite. Various physiochemical parameters like compositional, structural, morphological and magnetic properties are analyzed using FTIR, XRD, HRTEM, SAED and VSM techniques. Anticancer and antitubercular activities, performed by MTT and LRP assays respectively, reveals that the IC<sub>50 </sub>values for cellulose, magnetite and cellulose-magnetite nanocomposite are found to be 20.65 µg/ml, 44.66 µg/ml and 8.685 µg/ml and cellulose-magnetite nanocomposite shows 51.95% inhibition at 200 µg/ml concentration against <em>Mycobacterium tuberculosis</em>. The obtained results suggest that the prepared cellulose-magnetite nanocomposite can serve as a potential candidate for drug designing with the use of green solvents.</p> Swathi Pon Sakthi Sri. V Mary George Copyright (c) 2021 ScienceIn Publishing 2021-02-07 2021-02-07 8 1 1 10 Significance of nanotechnology advances in food processing and packaging: consequences on human health <p>Nanotechnology has revolutionized many scientific and industrial fields and has also made a good beginning in the food science and technology. Recent research has revealed enormous applications of nanomaterials for food processing and packaging. Nanomaterials brings a remarkable difference not only in terms of food quality but also in various health aspects. In food processing, it improves the sensory characteristics like taste, texture, and appearance, extends shelf life, enhances nutritional bioavailability of nutrients, and removes chemicals and pathogens from food. Nano food packaging technology extends food life due to high barrier packaging material and improves food safety. The application of nanosensors allows consumers to identify whether food is contaminated or spoiled. Controlled and continuous release of preservatives help to prolong the food's life in the package. The intelligent packaging nanomaterial can slow down product deterioration and can tell about product safety and quality. As research in nanotechnology continue to expand, its applicability to the food industry will increase further. The use of nanomaterials also raises a serious concern about the toxicity of nanoparticles in food. This necessitates more studies to establish their impact on health.</p> Indu Nashier Gahlawat Manisha Wadhwa nee Dabas Poonam Lakra Copyright (c) 2015 ScienceIn 2015-06-04 2015-06-04 8 1 8 14 SARS-CoV-2, influenza virus and nanoscale particles trapping, tracking and tackling using nanoaperture optical tweezers: A recent advances review <p>Recent advances in nanoscale technologies have provided advanced tools that can be easily used to trap, track, and manipulate individual nanoscale particles and viruses such as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) and influenza viruses accurately. Among the promising strategies that exist to date, optical forces based techniques are the leading tools in this task. Perfectly, focused lasers act as “optical tweezers,” and can trap individual particles and viruses. These forces can be applied to study nanomaterials, viruses, the building blocks of a quantum computer, and collision processes occurring between molecules in a better way than ever before. These cutting-edge tools are capable of trapping, tracking, and manipulating at the nanoscale in three dimensions. The optical tweezers have been used within biological and nanotechnological fields for trapping, tracking, and manipulating nanoparticles, and viruses with high flexibility, precision, and integration. The outcomes are important breakthroughs in the field of molecular mechanics. Here, we review the state-of-the-art optical tools employed in optical trapping, tracking, and manipulation of different particles at the nanoscale. The trapping of nanoparticles down to single-digit nanometer range and individual SARS-CoV-2 are the main features discussed here. Optical tweezers are also capable of sizing and probing acoustic modes of a small virus such as SARS-CoV-2 and influenza. The optical tweezers can perform tracking of nanoparticles in three?dimensional with high?resolution by forwarding scattered light. Optical tweezers are used to grab single molecules and measure events that are occurring and employed for measuring forces and measuring distance. A miniature and modular system creates a reliable and mobile optical trap that has more potential to be applied in optical trapping technologies.</p> Rajiv Kumar Kiran Gulia M.P. Chaudhary M.A. Shah Copyright (c) 2020 ScienceIn 2020-12-02 2020-12-02 8 1 79 92 Mechanical and structural properties of aluminium nanocomposites reinforced with cerium oxide nanoparticles fabricated by powder metallurgy <p>(1) Al +&nbsp;CeO<sub>2</sub> [where, &nbsp;0, 1, 2, 3 &amp; 4wt.%] nanocomposites were synthesised by powder metallurgy method. The structural and mechanical properties of the synthesised nanocomposites were studied in details. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis confirms the formation of ceria (CeO<sub>2</sub>) nanoparticles with face centered cubic (fcc) structure with an average crystallite size of 12.80nm by co-precipitation technique. The structural analysis of the nanocomposites confirms the uniform dispersion of CeO<sub>2</sub> nanoparticles in Al-matrix. There is a significant development in the hardness value Al was observed due to CeO<sub>2</sub> nanoparticles and maximum hardness value was obtained for 2wt.% CeO<sub>2 </sub>in Al-matrix whereas an increase in wear is observed for Al-CeO<sub>2</sub> nanocomposites as compared to aluminium. The corrosion analysis confirms the increase in corrosion resistance of Al-CeO<sub>2</sub> nanocomposite with maximum corrosion resistance efficiency of 83.75% for 4wt.% CeO<sub>2</sub> in&nbsp; Al matrix.</p> Naveen Kumar Kumar Navin Richard J. Ball Rajnish Kurchania Copyright (c) 2020 ScienceIn 2020-11-27 2020-11-27 8 1 73 78