Journal of Materials NanoScience 2018-09-24T20:13:05+0530 Editorial Manager Open Journal Systems <p>Journal of Materials NanoScience is a peer reviewed international journal for publication of high impact quality research articles in field of NanoScience, Nanotechnology, Nanomaterials and research at nanoscale towards development of smart materials.</p> Dr. Rajender S. Varma – Senior Editorial Advisor and Associate Editor: Meet our expert for Journal of Materials NanoScience 2018-07-30T21:35:48+0530 Editorial Manager <p>Prof. RS Verma is associated with the journal as Senior Editorial Advisor and Associate Editor for NanoChemistry, Nanocatalysis articles</p> 2018-07-30T00:00:00+0530 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Optoelectronic properties of single and array of 1-D III-nitride nanostructures: An approach to light-driven device and energy resourcing 2018-07-30T21:31:10+0530 Avinash Patsha Sandip Dhara Surojit Chattopadhyay Kuei-Hsien Chen Li-Chyong Chen <p>One dimensional (1-D) group III-nitride nanostructures are important components of optoelectronic devices owing to its unique feature of unidirectional carrier flow, and efficient electrical connectivity. The group III-nitride materials are attractive for the application as low power white and blue–green light sources provide a green and extended operational life. We discuss the luminescence phenomena observed in single or arrayed 1-D III-nitride nanostructures including quantum wells. The role of these 1-D nanostructures is critically reviewed in the field of ‘green’ energy generation, namely hydrogen source in fuel cells, the photoelectrochemical workhorse in renewable energy resourcing, and in solar cells.</p> 2018-05-03T00:00:00+0530 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Herbal nanomedicine interactions to enhance pharmacokinetics, pharmaco-dynamics, and therapeutic index for better bioavailability and biocompatibility of herbal formulations 2018-09-24T20:13:05+0530 Rajiv Kumar Munesh Sharma <p>The recent technological advancement in nanotechnology has opened new avenues for research and development in the field of phyto-medicine. Development of reliable and eco-friendly synthesis of nanoparticles is a significant advancement for introduction nanotechnology to develop&nbsp;noble nanomedical delivery system of herbs (HNMDS), and have to overcome the downsides of old-style herbs-medicines delivery through analyzing the interactions between nanocarriers and herbs or phyto-medicine. The application of nanotechnological methods for bioavailability and biocompatibility enhancement of phyto-medicine must be reviewed and need urgent prompt efforts to develop new formulations. Nanotechnology enables the combination of hitherto separate approaches to health care by permitting the realization of so-called&nbsp;’theranostic’ applications, as well as targeted combination products. Formulation must also release active ingredient from phyto-formulation as developing nano dosage forms has number of benefits for phyto-medicine. This review discusses nano sized herbs-nanomedicines delivery carries and potential current and futuristic advances for enhancing the activity and overcoming problems associated with herbal medicines for novel HNMDS.</p> 2018-09-21T20:39:25+0530 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Microwave assisted greener synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Karanjin and their antifungal activity 2018-08-16T09:03:51+0530 Nadur L. Naveena Rudra Pratap Ravikumar Naik S.A. Shivashankar <p>In recent days, the synthesis of nanoparticles using biomaterials is growing very rapidly due to their non toxicity and eco friendliness. In the present study we demonstrated the role of individual organic compounds present in the plant extracts in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) using Karanjin, a natural flavonoid extracted from seeds of <em>Pongamia pinnata</em> L. assisted by microwave technique. The plasmon resonance absorbance peak was observed at 424 nm in UV–visible spectroscopy. The TEM results showed presence of spherical shape with ~20 nm in size. The FTIR spectrum indicates there is no organic molecule present in the powder material and it confirms the formation of Ag NPs by microwave method. Further, confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) analysis. AFM images explained the topography of the Ag NPs. The obtained nanoparticles were stable and it confirms the activity of <em>Karanjin</em> as a reducing and capping agent in synthesis of Ag NPs. The synthesized Ag NPs demonstrated good antifungal activity against&nbsp;<em>Aspergillus flavus </em>and&nbsp;<em>A. niger</em>.</p> 2018-08-16T00:00:00+0530 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Synthesis and Biodegradation Study of Starch/PVA/Nanoclay Blend 2018-09-16T19:28:28+0530 Geeta Saini Himani Chauhan Aeshna Gupta Disha Gangotia <p>In this research work, we have synthesized blend of starch/PVA/nanoclay via solution cast method. The composition of blend was starch and PVA in 1:1 ratio by weight with citric acid as plasticizer. The amount of nanoclay was varied between 0.5 to 2 wt%. The structure elucidation of the film by Scanning electron microscopy reveals homogeneous dispersion of nanoclay into polymer matrix. The biodegradation of the films were studied by soil burial method and enzymatic hydrolysis and it was found that completely biodegradable films were produced which could serve as potential candidate for food packaging.</p> 2018-09-04T00:00:00+0530 ##submission.copyrightStatement##